More than 100 years ago, harvested trees were shipped to mills via local rivers. Today, a number of companies have taken on the task of recovering those river logs and turning them into flooring. Goodwin Heart Pine Company is located in Micanopy, Florida, where the company was founded in 1976 and is a pioneer in […]
The following tips have links if you want more detail. Or call and talk with our in-house technical expert, Andrew St. James.
1. Help in choosing a reclaimed wood floor…
Begin with a few choices:
· Do you want a unique floor with a story?
· Light, medium or dark? Consistent or color variation?
· Pin stripes, bold arches or subtle graining?
· Single or random widths?
· ‘Character’, pristine or in between?
· How about knots or do you want ‘clear’?
Maybe you just want to see a few of these characteristics in River Recovered Heart Pine… Legacy Heart Pine… River Recovered Heart Cypress… or Sustainably Harvested Woods.
Antique Heart Pine is the most frequently specified reclaimed wood.’Virgin growth’ heart pine, the ‘wood that built America’. is all heartwood, very hard and comes in many grades.
Some of the more commonly available reclaimed woods include: American Chestnut, Heart Cypress, Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine and Oak.
2. Which finish should you use on reclaimed wood?
The finish you choose can dramatically change the look of your floor. While most reclaimed wood is sanded and finished smooth to the touch, you can have a distressed floor. Distressing simulates old, old floors or barn siding and is usually done on milling machines, though it can also be done onsite by craftsmen.
How you want to maintain your wood floor determines if you want polyurethane that requires a professional to repair or if you want an oil finish that you can refresh when scratches occur. The oil finishes are very natural and low sheen; however, they can be made to have degrees of shine. They are especially appropriate for heavy traffic and come with easy maintenance products.
3. Would solid or engineered reclaimed wood work best for you?
Engineered wood is a growing market. Goodwin began engineered flooring to help conserve the rare River Recovered® wood. While solid wood floor may remain the ‘gold standard’ for those who can accommodate its greater demands, now you can have ‘USA made’ engineered flooring that looks and lasts like solid and is easier to fit into the construction cycle.
4. Not all reclaimed wood is equal…
To consistently manufacture a well made reclaimed wood floor that is properly kiln-dried, precisely milled, graded to established standards and backed by in-house technical expertise requires a considerable investment. Reclaimed wood can be a confusing niche. You may want to know some terminology when specifying antique heart pine. Building design professionals may want our free continuing education course on Architectural and Design Uses of Reclaimed Wood.
5. Installation tips to help your reclaimed wood perform well for a lifetime and beyond.
Once you have chosen your floor, what about installation? How to select a wood floor professional, even tips on existing subfloors are on our blogs. It is possible to get any stair parts or millwork in the same grade as your floor.
Engineered floor installation, when glued to concrete, needs to have an elastomeric type adhesive made for engineered wood. We generally suggest a vapor retarder over the slab. Even if the slab is dry now a seal coat ensures against future leaks or storms.
Just a few of the important tips to help ensure your solid wood floor installation:
1. The sub floor needs to be flat and level to within 3/16” over 10 feet for nail down or flat within 1/8” over 6 feet for glue down installation.
2. The moisture content of the wood floor and the sub-floor need to match the expected indoor temperature and relative humidity once the building has been occupied. Be sure to use a pin type moisture meter on dense reclaimed wood.
3. Enough ‘cleats’ for nail down jobs will help prevent the floor from moving too much. You should nail a 6” inch wide floor every 4”, an 8” inch wide floor every 3”, etc.
Call 800-336-3118 anytime we can help with your reclaimed wood questions.
You can see a video of the reclaimed wood pine floors that have been hand distressed by DM Hardwoods for Corey Colwell-Lipson in her green home remodel. Shown in this photo is another winning floor that DM Hardwoods hand distressed, now in Goodwin Heart Pine’s showroom.
Goodwin is active in the sustainable building community and is the Gainesville, FL organizer for Green Halloween, a non-profit that Corey and her Mom, Lynn, created.
Antique wood shavings donated by Goodwin Heart Pine to the Santa Fe College Zoo cover the walkways. Zoo Director, Jonathan Miot, says, “This antique wood holds up and looks good on our trails around the Zoo.”
River-Recovered® Heart Pine and Cypress antique wood is the best way to enjoy the beauty and luxury of the finest wood floor without compromising your commitment to sustainable living.
But that’s not the only way Goodwin is green. All of our antique wood products are produced sustainably and our business practices are healthy for the environment. Thanks to all of you for living sustainably and considering Goodwin. Only Goodwin. Always Green.
There can be confusion between sapwood and heartwood that has not darkened in antique wood. As living trees mature they develop heartwood around the center. Pine heartwood has more resin than the surrounding sapwood. As mentioned in an earlier posting the heartwood darkens over time. In large antique pine beams it is common for this process to progress through out the entire piece. Occasionally however we find beams that still have yellow portions within the heart. These areas are called yellow heart. The picture has a board that was just surfaced showing areas that have changed color and areas that have not. The question is sometimes asked if these yellow sections are sapwood, but they are not. The sapwood is on the outside of the heart wood. If you look at the curvature of rings and the yellow has heartwood outside of it the yellow part is heartwood. Over time the light heartwood sections will darken and blend in.
We are often asked How long it takes to acclimate wood flooring? Many people have heard of bringing wood flooring to a jobsite in advance to let it acclimate, but still do not really understand the process in detail. The goal should be to get the moisture content of the flooring close to what it will be when the space is occupied in the long term. Additionally the moisture content of the subfloor and the rest of the jobsite should be near to the long term value before the flooring is delivered. The HVAC should be operating. Installing wood flooring in a wet building is an invitation to future problems. Moisture meters are used to measure the moisture content of wood.
The next question that commonly comes up is How do I know what the moisture content should be when the floor is installed? The answer depends on your location and possibly some of the details of the building. One way to learn the desired moisture content is to consult an established wood flooring professional as they should know the long term moisture content values for their geographic area. In existing buildings you can often measure other wood that has been in place for more than a year to get a number for the appropriate moisture content.
Getting back to the original question the correct answer is not given in terms of how long but in terms of achieving the correct moisture content.